Zarnesti city folklore
The city is part of the ethnographic Zarnesti – Barsa (Barsa top) part, close and very similar to that of the Bran country.
The last half of the twentieth century occurred in the Zarnesti area, damaged substantial ethnographic elements, unlike Bran, where due to particular geographical factors like the fact that this area has not been collectivized by the time the communists were kept sufficient Romanian representative elements of popular culture.
House: people of Zarnesti saw the development as living conditions, many transformations over the centuries, from primitive forms, a little more advanced, this has helped, as in other areas of their material and spiritual influence of settlers Saxons.
The most primitive kind of house is the peasant’s hut its initial form is round with tapering roof and covered with straw. The walls were made of branches of trees, lined with clay.
Traditional peasant house residential area, had a foundation made of river stone, lime mortar, with walls designed to protect from moisture. The actual construction was beech. The walls are plastered. The oldest buildings are plastered only joints between beams. The roof usually have four or three waters, the structure of resistance fir rafters, covered with shingles. The ceiling was lined with lacquered boards and the floor was usually the boards.
Usually, the house was located on the street with a yard alongside the house through a closed gate. All property was surrounded by a perimeter of simple construction, as it met today in the villages of Bran. House plan with the following line of evolution:
– House with two rooms: the entrance hall and the big house;
– House with three rooms: the entrance hall, cellar and large house.
Subsequently, the farm house to house urban type evolved in the sense that:
– Building materials used were burnt brick and tile wall, roof;
– Number of rooms was increased by adding an L-shaped rooms
– Facades were influenced by Saxon and urban-type buildings.
The most representative room to house zarnesti people, represent a big house, this being the place where family members and guests spent their time on occasion, holidays, weddings, baptisms or other special occasion. In this room are exhibited specific furniture (chests, tables, chairs, its rostele) fabrics (toluri, pillows, lepedee was) married girls dowry; Various ceramics (bowls, pots) and the customary glass icon.
Among the additional buildings, remember the barn, which was usually composed of two distinct areas:
– Stables, animal housing having exterior walls plastered with avenue for animals and another outlet for manure disposal;
measure itself, intended for storage of feed.
Another annex is found in the summer kitchen, a separate annex built house itself, occurs in many other areas of the country.
Furniture House, was much lower than that of today and consists of the following: table, chairs, benches, beds, wardrobes (parseichiul and Blidari).
To illuminate the houses are using various means, the most common were tallow candles or wax and opaitele.
For travelers who did not have housing bond seeing you, in time, and have appeared specially designed premises such as hotels today. Since the current term of the hotel would be too demanding, if we consider the lack of comfort and other shortcomings, we believe the most appropriate designation is the inn, being arranged to accommodate only passenger travel and some cattle and used as a means of traction . One such inn is on the current family ownership Bos, from the town center.
Since ancient times, the dishes were a primordial need for all farmers. They would need and require different dishes for the household. But given the ever increasing needs of people so early on, came off the pottery craft apart.
Romanian pottery Barsa country is illustrated in pottery. Among the Romanian pottery centers in the Upper Barsa is an important component of the village settlements Zarnesti respectively New Tohan, Old Tohan; resemblance to some forms of vessels identity, Romanian pottery areas Muscel, Arges and Sebes Valley, illustrates the strong ties and cultural identities, on both sides of the Carpathians.
Painting on glass
Glass painting made in the area at the end of the eighteenth century and early twentieth century, is a popular character and a profound way decorative feature, along with the object of worship and the decorative, embellished interiors of peasant houses.
Fall was harvest time textile plant. In TOPILE, Toplita (small ponds ford furnished with running water) was placed in molten hemp and flax, fences, leaning against the walls of houses or in the middle of the stalks in bundles dry removed from the water, In the yard thump Melita. The chips were flying under the blows Meliti woody stems. As they laid on a lot of the multitude below, choose silver wire bundles. When the sun was warm, the comb with metal teeth to choose two categories: long-grain, thin and flexible or thicker wire, for use by spinning the warp and weft threads.
Spring, along with sheep shearing, wool processing began. And it is washed, dried and passed through the comb and is divided into two categories: long wire (smooth and rough) and short wire (soft).
In the long winter evenings and worked spun yarn fabrics. Spinning, embroidering, weaving is a habit practiced to childhood and old age.
In Zarnesti, is simple folk, we might even say sober and specific.
The basic components of the male costumes were: white trousers of rough homespun, very tight, almost molded body. Long shirt worn over trousers. At the waist, worn over shirt or tixaul girdle, so that causes a lot of wrinkles, the shirt. Over the shirt is wearing a colorful vest, with floral and geometric. Breastplate worn by the young people to shoulder with bent inside the left-front. The head is wearing a black or gray hat with rounded relatively sharp peak, with the top bent to the right, on the left is the flower symbol sets. The origin of this flower symbol is at the time, along with Great Union of 1918, and its meaning is belonging to the Romanian nation. Rosette flower is the tree crown, the stem is three-color headband, gold fringes are based on tree roots.
Components of the female costumes were made from a short length that is up to the hips, tight waist, generally made of linen. Ie, they are sewn on with black thread, chicken with various geometric patterns, a white miniskirt with lace in the front foot over the wrap. The girl is held like a truncated cone divided into three sections. Two lateral areas with different models that can be used as desired, on the front. The middle sector is black, without pattern, representing fotei behind. In general, the base and upper back are striped in different colors applied, however discreet. The two sectors to have stripes are narrow, vertical (sometimes wide), different patterns and colors and with silver thread fabric, which gives it a special distinction. Folk woman is shown in Fig. 5.11 and 5.12. The head scarf worn with floral sides. Older women using a ginger, put a towel over the gossamer thin, with creamy white color.
Over this dress, married women wore Geba. Gaba is made of blue cloth or black coat and had a current long form, but with false sleeves. Gaba dress, leaning on the shoulders, and for ease of wearing, hands are brought into the inside pockets.
Customs at various festivals
Here are some specific customs area:
At birth. To have easy birth, most women went to the priest in time to read them Akathist. In times past, women were born at home, unless they caught the impurity field.
In the early days, women drink liquor and food lehuze, milk, eggs and soup pasare.In third night from birth, place fateman. The house where she was nursing and child, he sat one evening meal with wine, brandy, cheese, salt, lemon, bread, vegetables, fruit, money was, which remained until morning. Then the fates Fri believed that ursesc all you have faced in life the newborn. Meals are prepared so that they see plenty, and the child have some life in them.
At the wedding. Before any wedding engagement was made. The engagement was made only after the parents of young people reaching full understanding. Three weeks before the wedding, after the service Sunday, calling the priest, informing the faithful that the young people called them will marry in time. Usually, the party begins with games, shouts, greetings, and began vinerea.Weedings were made in Zarnesti, only on Sundays. On Saturday the eve of her wedding, son sent a lad with a fiddler and a group of young men to the wedding trees, trees are fixed the gate’s pillars in the house. Also on Saturday, sending son called in the village. They were usually young lads, friends of the wedding guests ginerelui.Toti Starting nunul, giving the necessary money or young family. You raise nunul gift.
Zarnestenii were also famous for anecdotes, satire, popular proverbs and their riddles.
Locals have as their poetry, to express the particular needs and things, and so the disease had their special medicine. It consists in the use of certain herbal medicine, and most of all messages of lyrics, which is recited at this, called incantations. With these means is thought that brings healing is thought that certain illnesses are bodily and spiritual. Also by the effect they could defend forms. Accompanied by reciting incantations habits was made. So, for example, Branca, old women who were recited and charm. In terms of origin, has issued the opinion that most spells are inherited from the Romans.
The more and more beautiful in Zarnesti are old habits, plowing most of Christmas. In Christmas Eve, the children walked with the children wandering around each house. Carols were meticulously prepared with two, three weeks before Christmas.
Also, Easter had a special charm. On this occasion the Stadium of road metal Scarciume install and joy was to give children in scarciuma.
source of information is: “The sweep time, Zarnesti” – DR. ING. VLAD ILIE